Gross enrollment ratios at all levels of education in China have reached or exceeded those of middle-to-upper-middle-income countries, Education Minister Huai Jinpeng said Friday.
Over the past decade, the gross enrollment rate in pre-school education increased by 23.6 percentage points to reach 88.1% last year, while the enrollment rate in tertiary education jumped by 27.8 percentage points to 57.8%, he said.
The country’s kindergarten, primary and middle school enrollment rates have reached the average level for high-income countries, Huai said.
The long-standing problems of students dropping out of primary and secondary schools have been resolved and the country has achieved zero dropout momentum for primary and secondary school students, he said at a press conference held by the Publicity Department of the Communist Party of Central China. Commission on the Achievements of Education Reform and Development since the 18th CPC National Congress.
Over the past 10 years, nearly $1.3 billion in financial aid has been awarded to students in financial difficulty. Under a special program, more than 950,000 students from rural and underdeveloped areas have been enrolled in key universities with lower scores, he said.
The country now has more than 218 million people with a bachelor’s degree or higher, which is a significant increase from 10 years ago. Secondary and higher vocational schools have produced more than 79 million graduates over the past decade, Huai added.
Lyu Yugang, director of the ministry’s basic education department, said the “double reduction” policy, aimed at reducing the excessive burden of homework and after-school tutoring for elementary and middle school students, has made great strides since its introduction last year.
The number of offline tutoring institutions has been reduced by 95.6% and online ones by 87.1%, while tutoring course fees have been reduced by more than 40%, he said. .
According to independent surveys, 87.8% of students said their homework had dropped significantly and more than 90% of students said they could finish it on time, he said.
Huai said the employment situation for new university graduates this year remains stable despite unprecedented challenges such as the record number of graduates, the COVID-19 epidemic and the pressure of the economic slowdown.
In fact, the employment work of university students has faced many challenges and difficulties in recent years, he said.
However, under the strong leadership of central authorities and the concerted efforts of education authorities and relevant departments, a multitude of employment-friendly policies have been implemented and the employment situation has remained stable for many years, he added.