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Are all enlarged lymph nodes identified as lymphoma, a cancer of the white blood cells?
How was the operation prepared?
Vayu underwent corrective surgery two weeks after birth to allow bile drainage. However, the procedure was unsuccessful and developed decompensated chronic liver disease with jaundice and other complications. Dr Shrimal also said that a day before his transplant, Vayu’s chest scan again showed suspicion of pneumonia. But the infection was cured.
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What is biliary atresia?
Biliary atresia or BA is a progressive fibro-obliterative disorder of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts that appears during the first three months of life. It occurs worldwide, affecting around 1 in 8,000 children.
Even though doctors recommend early diagnosis of BA because it is essential to prevent the rapid progression of liver damage and the development of cirrhosis, unfortunately, the majority of affected children eventually develop end-stage liver disease.
What is an incompatible liver transplant?
Although it is an infrequent procedure, doctors say that ABO-I liver transplantation is now possible. But antibody-mediated rejection remains a critical problem that impairs graft liver function.
Researchers around the world are trying to develop a preoperative preparation with rituximab and plasma exchange to reduce anti-A and B isoagglutinin titers to prevent antibody-mediated rejection and postoperative local infusion to prevent vascular occlusion.