Literacy level in the United States is estimated to be 100%, with at least all American citizens having attended elementary school. Most Americans have a high school education and a significant number of post-secondary education.
According to UNESCO, Ethiopia’s literacy level currently stands at 51.77 percent. This is the number of people aged 15 and over who can read at least one sentence without struggling. What makes the difference between the two countries are their education systems and government policies.
It is much easier when a teacher teaches his students in the mother tongue. It becomes easy to teach concepts and vocabulary. If the teacher uses a second language to teach, the expected results are affected. This is the situation of the Ethiopian education system.
The language of instruction is English but the mother tongue is Amharic. The teacher and student are challenged to understand many concepts and vocabularies. The situation is different in the USA. English is the native language in the United States and the language of instruction. It is very easy for a teacher to explain concepts and students understand them easily.
The education systems of various countries around the world are different. The type of education system you follow can determine your performance in college, especially if English is your second language. Even when English is our first language, you may still have difficulty doing your homework for various reasons.
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The teacher-student ratio
The number of students a teacher manages per class affects educational outcomes. When a teacher takes care of too many students, they cannot give personalized attention to each and slow learners are left out. Students with special needs face the greatest challenge in such a system.
In Ethiopia, the teacher-student ratio is 1:64, which makes it too difficult for them to teach and provide quality education to students. In the United States, the teacher-student ratio is 1:16, which is a considerably small number that a teacher can comfortably handle and provide students with a quality education.
Cost of education
The cost of education is too high in the United States compared to Ethiopia or any other country in the world. The annual United States government budget for education is approximately $ 1,000 billion. The public apprenticeship system receives an additional budget of around $ 500 billion. The average tuition fee in the United States is $ 21,370 for public schools per year.
The education budget for the Ethiopian government is around $ 2.45 billion per year and much of it is covered by NGO funding and loans. Some of the best universities in Ethiopia charge around $ 10,900 per year for a doctorate.
Teaching environment – tools, internet, gadgets
While teachers can be trained at some of the best institutions, the teaching environment can affect the quality of teaching they give to their students. The teaching environment in the United States and Ethiopia is very different.
In the United States, the school has almost all the facilities needed to teach. Teachers use the latest educational technology to teach which gives both teacher and student an edge. They have laptops, the Internet, virtual classrooms, etc. The situation is different in Ethiopia. With the exception of higher education institutions, basic and secondary education is based solely on chalk and blackboard.
Number of educational establishments
Although the United States is larger than Ethiopia in terms of size, the number of schools in the United States can accommodate each student and have space for international students. Currently, the United States has 130,930 schools, all combined, from basic schools to universities. The number of schools in Ethiopia is around 22,000. There are too few high schools and universities and most students do not have the opportunity to enroll.
Comparing the education systems in Ethiopia and the United States, the literacy level in the United States is 100%, while in Ethiopia is slightly over 50%. Basic education is compulsory in both countries, but the level of schooling in Ethiopia is too low compared to the United States which has 100% of schooling in basic education. The teacher-student ratio in Ethiopia is 1:64, while in the United States it is 1:16. This makes the quality of education in Ethiopia poor compared to the United States.
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